Electric vehicles (EVs), unlike gas automobiles, are simpler to maintain. There are only several moving parts and no ignition, fuel injection or pumping, or exhaust to replace regularly. Routine oil changes also aren’t necessary, which is one of the benefits of electric cars. However, it doesn’t mean that electric vehicles don’t need regular maintenance.
To keep your EV in good running condition, here are the maintenance tips you should know:
1. Caring For Your EV’s Battery
The cost to install a home EV charger can be expensive, but it may come in handy, primarily if you use your vehicle regularly. However, to make the most out of your investment in your home EV charger, you have to ensure that you care for your battery.
When it comes to EV, there are some factors to consider when caring for your battery: overcharging and overheating. Keep in mind that too much heat can reduce the capacity of your EV’s lithium battery.
To prevent damage and extend your battery’s life, you need to provide proper care and maintenance. Overcharging your battery can be vital to its long-term lifespan.
If it’s left plugged in for too long, internal resistance may build up the battery at a faster rate. It means your battery could deplete more quickly and may become useless. Overcharging your battery may also cause it to overheat, which may encourage dangerous chemical changes in your battery, causing more damage.
In addition, it’s wise to avoid having very little or no charge. It would help have your battery operate in 50% or 80% charge. Starting at full capacity and waiting until it reaches 20% charge before completely recharging may cause damage in the long run. Once you maintain your battery’s charge at optimum levels regularly, your EV will last longer.
2. Stick To A Regular Service Schedule
EVs don’t require oil changes, only regular daily checks compared to conventional vehicles. You would want to look for a mechanic to check your car’s brake pads to ensure that your engine works well.
While EVs are relatively new, taking your vehicle to the manufacturer or EV-specialized technicians is a better idea for servicing and maintenance. This way, you can be sure that the components of your electric car are in good hands.
3. Brake Fluid Change
Two fluids run through your EV, brake fluid and coolant. Even if the brakes of an EV may last a long time, you still have to check your car’s brake fluid, mainly if you see a brake warning light flash. Once it happens, add more brake fluid and check if there are leaks.
Check your manual for the suggested type to know what brake fluid to use. When brake fluid change is done regularly, it can reduce the likelihood of brake system failure, which may cost thousands of dollars to fix.
4. Be Mindful Where You Park Your EV
EVs are made to use air or water for natural thermal control. Therefore, you must never abandon your EV to dry out under the heat of the sun. Parking your vehicle at a high temperature can cause its thermal control device to engage in reducing the car’s temperature.
When the engine isn’t working, several EVs are made to shut off the thermal control device for several minutes. Once it happens, it could contribute to heating your vehicle’s battery and might result in less battery life over time.
5. Pay Attention To Your Tires
Because of the instant torque that EV motors deliver, along with the battery pack’s weight, EV tires may wear out faster. So, it’s wise to keep an eye on the tires in any car you’re driving, and your auto center tire professional must be able to assess the alignment and condition of your tires and wheels.
Due to the popularity and surge of electric cars, you can also purchase tires specifically designed for EVs. Such features as low rolling resistance can boost efficiency by allowing you to drive further on one charge.
6. Underbody Washing
Car washes are also part of EV maintenance since road salt, oil, and some substances may damage your vehicle’s undercarriage. Whether you’re driving a conventional car or an EV, rust is the last thing you want to deal with.
Giving your EV a good wash is best to prevent rust formation and oxidation, which can be dangerous when left unchecked. It’s crucial to regularly take your EV to the local car wash rather than buy another EV to replace the rust bucket. Moreover, avoid rust-proofing your EV since high voltage wiring may cause severe harm to your car.
Even if it may seem that an EV doesn’t have as many parts to go wrong, general upkeep and maintenance are essential. It includes keeping an eye on your tires, caring for your battery, and being mindful of your parking area. Just make sure to consult the best mechanic in your area for further advice regarding proper EV care and maintenance.